“Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.” John 19:30 (NASB)
The entire work of redemption had been brought to completion when Jesus said the words “It is finished.” The verb “finished” here carries the idea of fulfilling one’s task and, in this context, has the idea of Christ fulfilling the religious obligations which He did for us. These last words He spoke mean very much to all of us who have believed in Him. Earlier in verse 28 we learn that Jesus knew that it was done. He said, “knowing that everything had now been finished.” Jesus knew that His death was accomplishing His Father’s purpose in sending Him to this earth. He came to pay the price for bringing us into God’s family. He paid the penalty for our sins when He died for us. So after hanging on the cross for about six hours, enduring the separation from His Father which our sins had caused, He knew that God’s purpose was accomplished and so He declared it accomplished. The way was open for you and for me to come to God to have our sins forgiven. When Jesus said, “It is finished,” he was declaring a promise for us. Through His sacrifice and death, we are forgiven.